By Robert Curzon
Initially revealed in 1854, this books is an soaking up account of Ottoman provincial lifestyles, earlier than the ultimate dying of the Ottoman nation. Written by means of a student, statesman, and old-fashioned imperialist, Curzon displays at the harsh uplands of Ottoman Armenia. Humourous all through, he tells us concerning the virtues of tezek, the pitfalls of iciness commute, trout fishing at Tortoum, in addition to relatives among neighborhood Armenians, Kurds and Turks. a few of his notions concerning the heritage of the quarter, even if misguided, provide us insights onto ecu perceptions at the moment. Curzon's Armenia: A 12 months in Erzeroom is an exellent creation to the geography, ethnography and politics of this turbulent region.
SPECIAL be aware: the current replica of Armenia: A yr in Erzeroom, and the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia is from the 1854 booklet of this identify by way of Harper & Brothers, ny.
Read Online or Download Armenia: A Year in Erzeroom and on the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia PDF
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Extra info for Armenia: A Year in Erzeroom and on the Frontiers of Russia, Turkey, and Persia
Gates often closed off some neighborhoods at night, and the police imposed a night curfew after the evening prayer. 41 The contemporary European sketches and maps highlighted the densely populated districts of Istanbul and Galata on both shores of the Golden Horn in contrast with the less populated districts of Eyüp and Üsküdar. The expansion of the city took place beyond the walls to the north of the Golden Horn in Eyüp, to the hills of Pera north of Galata, and to the villages along the Bosphorus (see map 1).
In the marketplace various religious communities mingled together, carried out business, and belonged to the same guilds. As would be expected, this area also became a center of crime due to its commercial wealth and social diversity. The district of Istanbul was under stricter government control than the rest of city because the Topkapı Palace, the main residence of the sultan and his family, was located here. The administration of the city was under numerous officials: the grand vizier and his retinue of janissaries, the chief kadi (Islamic judge) of Istanbul, the chief inspector of markets, the chief of night police, the chief of day police, the agha (commander) of janissaries in Istanbul, and the head of the palace guards (see chapter 7).
Istanbul was on the intersection of major maritime and caravan trade routes that followed the Istanbul-Edirne-Sofia route. The bubonic plague spread by rats on board ships bound from Istanbul to Bursa, Izmir, and Alexandria. In Istanbul, it first infected the arsenal in Kasım Paşa and then spread quickly to areas along the Golden Horn and to Galata. It was spread by travelers and mariners to hans, janissary barracks, public baths, coffeehouses, barbershops, and bachelors’ rooms, and from these places it infected the rest of the city through human contact.