Download Aquinas’s Philosophical Commentary on the Ethics : A by James C. Doig (auth.) PDF

By James C. Doig (auth.)

Is Aquinas's Sententia libri Ethicorum an interpretation of Aristotle according to `principles of Christian ethics'? Or can we have in that paintings a presentation of the basis of Aquinas's ethical philosophy? Professor Doig solutions those questions via an exam of the historic context in which the Sententia was once composed.
In Chapters 1-2, the work's position as a corrective of previous commentaries is demonstrated. bankruptcy three, by means of analyzing philosophy at Paris among 1215 and 1283, finds that the concept by means of Aquinas of an ethical philosophy may were unexceptional. bankruptcy 4's research of the rules underlying the ethical concept of the Sententia makes obvious that they have been appeared by means of Aquinas as either philosophical and Aristotelian. The date to be assigned the composition of the Sententia is studied in bankruptcy five, and the belief is drawn, that with a few likelihood, the Sententia is its author's ultimate suggestion of ethical doctrines. The final bankruptcy deals a precis of that ethical philosophy opposed to the old history introduced out earlier.

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There was no difficulty in seeing what had changed in Andrew when the extrinsic denomination became true of him: his height increased. And if a change in one thing entails a change in every other, then it follows that Bernard has changed as well. This does not tell us what has changed in Bernard, but if no longer applies to Bernard as a result of a change in Andrew, then, by (12), Bernard has changed. Another natural choice for the missing link between NPE and (9) is Leibniz’s doctrine that every substance expresses the entire universe.

If intrinsic denominations do not provide the foundation, then what would have to be included in Alexander’s concept in order for it to contain the reason for “Alexander is the conqueror of Darius and Porus”? It would seem that nothing less than the extrinsic denomination would suffice. In order for a proposition to be identical, and thus have a reason, the predicate has to be in the subject. And since whatever provides the reason for a proposition is also the foundation for it, it must be that the foundation of “Alexander is the conqueror of Darius and Porus” is that the extrinsic denomination is included in Alexander’s concept.

It is exceedingly clear from these passages that whatever serves as the foundation of a truth must also provide a reason for the truth. And what, for Leibniz, provides the reason for a truth? A true proposition has a reason just in case its predicate concept is included in its subject concept. The fundamental principle of reasoning is that there is nothing without a reason; or, to explain the matter more distinctly, that there is no truth for which a reason does not subsist. 22 Thus, if the reason for a truth is that its predicate concept is included in its subject concept and if the reason for a truth is also the foundation for that truth, then the foundation of a truth is that its predicate concept is in its subject concept.

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