By Lorinda B.R. Goodwin
This e-book employs historic archaeological facts to exhibit how well mannered rituals reproduced the social and fabric international of trade in colonial Massachusetts. the writer situates artifacts in the social contexts descibed in modern letters and diaries and depicted in literature and paintings and demonstrates how the hot English retailers chosen and tailored modern British manners to create a brand new American type of well mannered habit.
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Extra resources for An Archaeology of Manners: The Polite World of the Merchant Elite of Colonial Massachusetts (Contributions To Global Historical Archaeology)
Mason includes works by Bacon and Joseph Addison in this category (Mason 1971: 292–299; Wildeblood and Brinson 1965: 51–53). These divisions are problematic because they overlap too often; Chesterfield’s Letters, for example, could be described as parental advice, a policy work, or a civility text. I prefer a division of courtesy works roughly based on chronological appearance. What can be called courtly literature appears up to nearly the middle of the seventeenth century, after which polite or civil behavior distinguished the form until about 1770, when etiquette began to take its modern form.
Manners, far from being apart from life, are veritably a part of life, revealing men’s hopes, standards and strivings. (1968: vii) Manners are reflective of more than superficially polite encounters, but even though the “standards” Schlesinger mentions are written down in the form of courtesy works, without live informants, it becomes difficult to understand how manners shaped a distinctly American merchant elite. These rules were flexibly applied and subject to cultural interpretations. The present work demonstrates this fact: although examining a very small area of a much larger, very complex picture, the cultural 14 Chapter 1 canvas was repainted many times.
However, as researchers, we must begin with the overt statements that we know many in the past encountered and that formed the basis for many of the manners in their society. “To understand the lives of the American gentry, at least in their parlors and formal rooms, we must make an effort to recover life in this courtesy-book world” (Bushman 1993: 38). But native reactions to mannerly behavior, however, was split between those who believed that one could not emulate England enough and those who believed that English manners were effete and dissolute.