By Vera P. Moutafchieva
Ebook by means of Moutafchieva, Vera P.
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Additional resources for Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and 16th Centuries
79 The actions of his son, however, cast some light upon this question. The Establishment of the Timar as a System Mehmet II (1451-1481) was the Ottoman ruler whose name is inextricably linked with the final imposition of the timar system and with putting it on the statute books. The name of "Conqueror" was given to him not only because he captured Constantinople (1453), but because of his victories over the remains of the Anatolian beyliks and over Karakoyunlu U zun Hasan. 80 It should be stressed, however, that the hereditary feudal aristocracy of the beyliks had its supporters in the Ottoman government.
The central government kept a strict watch over the growth of feudal income by means of the il-klztibi, every "ex-register" household was noted, and considered to be a reserve of the fisc for the formation of new timars, and, if necessary, for addition to already existing timars. The very fact that, in 1431, the average timar was one with an income of 1,000 to 3,000 akqe, and it was only toward the end of the reign of Mehmet II that it had reached the 5,000-akqe mark convincingly demonstrates that the authorities recorded any changes that had taken place.
If the offense were repeated, he lost his right to hold a rimar, but could reclaim it if his service record were "clear" for a period of seven years. 127 Timars that became vacant were granted either by, or on the recommendation of, the beylerbey, and the following preferences were taken into account: (a) the son of a deceased rimar holder (b) a rimar candidate who lived in the same sancak. 128 In return for the rimar which was granted, the sipahi was obliged to participate personally in campaigns or in the garrison guard, to keep two or more armed retainers (cebelli) or unarmed servants (gulam), to provide tents, etc.