By Pranitha Maharaj (auth.), Pranitha Maharaj (eds.)
Population getting older is an issue of worldwide drawback. It usually happens in tandem with adjustments within the future health profile of the inhabitants. In Africa, many nations are already dealing with a excessive burden of communicable illnesses. besides the fact that, as increasingly more young children live to tell the tale adolescence and movement directly to grownup years and previous age also they are prone to adventure illnesses linked to the getting older technique. inhabitants getting older in Africa is going on within the context of excessive degrees of poverty, altering family members constructions, a tremendous affliction burden, fragile healthiness platforms and vulnerable or poorly controlled executive associations. This publication indicates that getting older is probably going to steer to elevated social and financial calls for for the continent. even if, so much nationwide governments in Africa have yet to handle the difficulty of ways to reply successfully to the desires of the older inhabitants. it will require a greater realizing of the socio-economic and demographic state of affairs of the older inhabitants in Africa. This ebook fills the gaps that exist by means of exploring the social realities of inhabitants getting older in Africa. It additionally specializes in the coverage and programmatic responses, gaps and destiny demanding situations concerning getting older around the continent.
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Extra info for Aging and Health in Africa
Zambia does not feature in the chart in 2003 due to the decrease in size of its elderly population. 26 shows that households that include older persons are poorer than other households. One reason why older people are in a disadvantaged position is largely because household income has to be shared amongst more members, which increases the poverty rate. The countries with the highest level of poverty in households with older persons are Zambia (78%), followed by Gambia (73%), Nigeria (72%), and Malawi (71%).
The ageing population of Europe is projected to grow from 10% in 1950 to 33% in 2050 (European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research 2008). Over the period of 100 years, from 1950 to 2050, the older population in Europe is expected to increase threefold. 4 The Profile of the African Ageing Population Projections reveal that the number of people aged 60 years and over is expected to rise over the next few decades. 1 indicates that the number of people aged 60 and over was 53,770,000 in 2009, and this is projected to increase to 212,763,000 in 2050 (United Nations 2008a).
In the remaining countries, the share of the elderly as a proportion of the total population will range from 8 to 13%. It is important to note that, other than Mauritius 2 Population Ageing in Africa 43 25 2009 20 2050 15 10 5 ia N ig er na ha ila az Sw A h ut So G nd ca fri da n Su yp t Eg ng o Co iu s rit au M Et hi op ia 0 Fig. 29 Share of older persons in select African countries, 80 years and over. Source: United Nations (2008a) with an elderly population that forms one fifth of the total population, all the other countries have a percentage of elderly people who form less than a fifth of the total population.