Download Affirmative Action (Library in a Book) by Rachel Kranz PDF

By Rachel Kranz

Probably the most arguable political problems with the earlier 3 many years has been the query of affirmative motion. The word was once first utilized in 1965 whilst President Lyndon B. Johnson issued government Order 11246, which known as upon government-funded contractors to "take affirmative motion" to make sure that candidates have been hired with no regard to race, colour, faith, or nationwide starting place. Affirmative motion continues to be a tremendous and emotionally charged political factor in society at the present time. Affirmative motion, a brand new name within the Library in a booklet sequence, serves because the perfect start line for learn in this hotly contested subject. delivering a dispassionate, even-handed evaluate, this publication presents the newest precis of its criminal, political, and social elements, delivering scholars and researchers an independent examine the topic. insurance comprises: The historical past of legalized inequality within the usa, from the Civil conflict to the current; a variety of positions at the factor of affirmative motion; info on significant arenas during which affirmative motion performs a job, resembling vote casting rights, collage admissions, and employment; Key complaints, laws, govt orders, and referendums on affirmative motion; short biographies of key participants all for affirmative motion, together with activists, politicians, and criminal students; A thesaurus of comparable political, felony, and different phrases; a list of agencies and companies relating to affirmative motion; particular appendixes, together with excerpts from key lawsuits.

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Extra resources for Affirmative Action (Library in a Book)

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It applies to discrimination based on race, religion, color, national origin, and sex. • State laws also affect public and private educational institutions. 33 Affirmative Action SUPREME COURT CASES GRIGGS V. DUKE POWER CO. S. 424 (1971) Background The Duke Power Company’s Dan River plant, a power-generating facility located in Draper, North Carolina, had a policy whereby African Americans were employed in only one of its five departments, the one known as Labor. This was the poorest-paid department, whose highest-paid jobs paid less than the lowest-paid jobs in the other four departments: Coal Handling, Operations, Maintenance, and Laboratory and Test.

Given the appointments of Ashcroft and Thompson, however, it seems likely that Bush’s choice for a Supreme Court nominee, if he has the chance to make one, will be another strong opponent of affirmative action. Even without a new nominee, the current Supreme Court has at least five justices who have consistently ruled against affirmative action programs: Chief Justice Rehnquist and Justices Kennedy, O’Connor, Scalia, and Thomas. As of this writing, the Court has decisively taken the conservative position of requiring strict scrutiny for all affirmative action cases, rather than the “moderate scrutiny” that liberal justices would prefer.

Nixon. The fact that both conservatives and liberals on the Court were unanimous in their support of the Griggs decision suggested that a new day had indeed dawned for the civil rights movement. As a result of Griggs, employers were forced to become far more careful about their employment requirements and to look closely at racial imbalances at all levels of their workforce. Griggs is still cited today by people working in personnel and human resource departments to warn employers that they must make sure there is a “business necessity” for every job requirement.

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