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Additional info for Aesthetic Concrete Barrier Design
The mechanism by which direct OCD is generated in the finite element vehicle model may differ from the mechanism of an actual crash test vehicle due to lack of suspension failure in the finite element vehicle model. For this reason, a direct measure of the vehicle’s OCD from simulation results cannot be considered deterministic for comparing with the crash test data. Thus, to evaluate vehicle OCD from simulation results, a surrogate measure for quantifying OCD was developed. Several available crash tests of concrete barriers were identified and simulated using the finite element vehicle model.
2000P Vehicle Model Initial validation efforts for the 2000P vehicle were carried out with the reduced element pickup truck model that was developed by the NCAC. (21,22) The correlation between test and simulation was not considered acceptable. , control arms) are modeled as rigid materials. The lack of deformability in the front suspension was believed to be the primary cause of the observed discrepancies between test and simulation. TTI researchers then simulated these crash tests using the NCAC detailed pickup truck model.
The suspension was modified to include deformable control arms and some of the other linkages for the suspension mechanism (see Figure 34). Simulation results with the modified 820C vehicle model showed better correlation with the Caltrans fluted-surface, singleslope concrete barrier test results. In addition to the Caltrans fluted barrier, a smooth singleslope barrier was used as a baseline system to validate the modified Geo Metro model. A comparison of vehicle dynamics between crash tests and finite element simulations of the Caltrans fluted single-slope barrier and those of standard single-slope barrier follows.