Download Advances in Child Neuropsychology by Dennis L. Molfese (auth.), Michael G. Tramontana Ph.D., PDF

By Dennis L. Molfese (auth.), Michael G. Tramontana Ph.D., Stephen R. Hooper Ph.D. (eds.)

The box of kid neuropsychology continues to be younger. It has no visible beginning­ date. therefore, we can't ascertain its age with the kind of chronometric precision for which our medical hearts may well yearn. however, one landmark to which we would element during this connection is that the 1st systematic textbook to seem during this quarter (i. e. , Rourke, Bakker, Fisk, & Strang, 1983) isn't but 10 years previous. Be that because it may possibly, job within the box has been growing to be progressively, if no longer via leaps and boundaries. even though there's nowhere close to the depth of research of kids from a neuro­ mental viewpoint as there's of adults, there were striking systematic investigations of substantial curiosity. the various extra im­ portant of those are awarded within the present quantity. meant to supply authoritative studies of vital noticeable components of kid neuropsychology, this sequence starts off with a quantity that includes simply that: stories of components as different as auditory evoked re­ sponses in newborns and the behavioral results of head trauma in childrens. Methodological concerns, additionally deemed very important by means of the Editors, are dis­ stubborn in many of the chapters contained herein. in addition, the ex­ emplary traces of programmatic examine or program within the box which are deemed to fall in the purview of this sequence also are represented during this volume.

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Segalowitz, S. (1983). Language functions and brain organization. New York: Academic Press. , & Gruber, F. (1977). Language development and neurological theory. New York: Academic Press. Thorndike, R. , Hagen, E. , & Sattler, J. M. (1986). ). Chicago: The Riverside Publishing Co. Travis, L. E. (1931). Speech pathology. New York: Appleton-Century. CHAPTER 2 Behavioral Effects of Head Trauma in Children and Adolescents EILEEN B. FENNELL and J. PARKER MICKLE Traumatic head injury in children poses a significant health problem because it is a leading cause of death or permanent disability in the pediatric age group (Guyer & Ellers, 1990).

Tearing of surface vasculature, epidural or subdural bleeds 3. Focal compression/laceration of brain tissue 4. Intracranial contusions (coup or contrecoup) 5. Intracranial hemorrhage 6. Focal fragments or trajectory lesions to brain tissue Nonpenetrating brain injuries 1. Intracranial contusions (coup or contrecoup) 2. Tearing of surface vasculature 3. Intracranial hemorrhage Diffuse effects of brain trauma of either type A. B. Primary 1. Axonal shearings/stretching Secondary 1. Cerebral edema 2.

0, selected 17 points in order of their effectiveness in classifying each of the 720 original averaged ERPs into one of the two groups. As Molfese noted, these points clustered in four regions of the ERP, the first between 20 and 140ms, the second between 230 and 270ms, the third between 410 and 490 ms, and the fourth between 600 and 700 ms. In this analysis, the likelihood of correctly classifying a brain response as belonging to a Low or High language performance child was 50%. The actual classification accuracy, however, was significantly higher than chance.

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