By C N Hill
"A Vertical Empire" describes the paintings in rocketry and area learn conducted within the united kingdom within the Nineteen Fifties and Sixties. At one time, the programme was once as refined as these within the US and Russia. The tasks have been cancelled one after the other as Britain's makes an attempt to take care of militarily with the 2 superpowers weakened, on account of Treasury strain and the assumption that there has been no monetary destiny in area know-how. a lot of the cloth during this ebook hasn't ever been to be had earlier than, due in part to the 30-Year Rule referring to govt records, and partially to the delicate army nature of the paintings. The tasks lined contain rocket-propelled plane, huge army missiles equivalent to the medium diversity ballistic missile "Blue Streak", the try out rocket "Black Knight" and the re-entry experiments it carried, and the satellite tv for pc launcher "Black Arrow". moreover, proposed tasks that may were built from those autos are lined intensive. there's additionally substantial political research of why those initiatives have been finally discontinued.
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Additional resources for A Vertical Empire: The History of the UK Rocket and Space Programme, 1950-1971
Sir Frederick Brundrett, Chief Scientist at the Ministry of Aviation is on record as saying that the German requirement "was for a high-altitude quick climbing defensive weapon. There was no doubt that they would be best satisfied with a guided weapon and in his view the right course was to interest them in our own Stage 1 and Stage 1 and a half guided weapon developments rather than the P.
P. to be used as a monopropellant. However, it is much more effective then to inject a fuel into the steam and oxygen. In British rocket motors this was always kerosene. The kerosene ignites spontaneously in the hot gases. Rocket Motors 29 Silver plated nickel gauze was used as the catalyst, and such catalyst packs could be easily inserted into the rocket chamber. P. to kerosene was around 8 to 1. Although the combination does not give a very high Specific Impulse compared with many other fuel combinations, it has other advantages.
F. preference for the AVRO design, the Ministry of Supply decided to press on with the Saunders Roe design, but with only two prototypes. But there is an interesting comment from the OR committee sometime later, in June 1953: "... ". Indeed, in a sense this remark could be said to be the essence of the whole story. , and a preliminary mock up meeting in Cowes in September 1953. The final delay in the completion of the first aircraft, XD 145, was delivery of the Spectre I motor: this could not be delivered to Cowes before mid December 1955.