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By A. D. F. (Alfred Dwight Foster) Hamlin

Variety of pages: 323The target of this paintings has been to caricature many of the sessions and kinds of structure with the broadest attainable strokes, and to say, with such short characterization as appeared permissible or worthwhile, an important works of every interval or type. severe condensation in offering the best proof of architectural heritage has been invaluable, and lots more and plenty that might rightly declare position in a bigger paintings has been passed over right here.

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The earliest examples known to us of either order show it complete in all its parts, its later development being restricted to the refining and perfecting of its proportions and details. The probable origin of these orders will be separately considered later on. FIG. —GREEK DORIC ORDER. A, Crepidoma, or stylobate; b, Column; c, Architrave; d, Tænia; e, Frieze; f, Horizontal cornice; g, Raking cornice; h, Tympanum of pediment; k, Metope. THE DORIC. The column of the Doric order (Figs. 26, 27) consists of a tapering shaft rising directly from the stylobate or platform and surmounted by a capital of great simplicity and beauty.

Pseudodipteral; with a single row of columns on each side, whose distance from the wall is equal to two intercolumniations of the front. ; with four, six, eight, or ten columns in the end rows. CONSTRUCTION. All the temples known to us are of stone, though it is evident from allusions in the ancient writers that wood was sometimes used in early times. The finest temples, especially those of Attica, Olympia, and Asia Minor, were of marble. In Magna Græcia, at Assos, and in other places where marble was wanting, limestone, sandstone, or lava was employed and finished with a thin, fine stucco.

It was far inferior to its predecessor in splendor and costliness. No vestiges of it remain. MONUMENTS. ). ). These splendid structures, several of them of vast size, resplendent with color and majestic with their singular and colossal columns, must have formed one of the most imposing architectural groups in the world. At various points, tower-like tombs, supposed erroneously by Fergusson to have been fire altars. At Naksh-i-Roustam, the tomb of Darius, cut in the rock. Other tombs near by at Persepolis proper and at Pasargadæ.

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