Download A step-by-step approach to using SAS for univariate & by Norm O'Rourke PDF

By Norm O'Rourke

One in a sequence of books co-published with SAS, this e-book offers a straightforward advent to either the SAS process and simple statistical tactics for researchers and scholars within the Social Sciences. This moment version, up-to-date to hide model nine of the SAS software program, publications readers step-by-step throughout the uncomplicated options of analysis and knowledge research, to info enter, and directly to ANOVA (analysis of variance) and MANOVA (multivariate research of variance).

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With a test of association on the other hand, you are working with a single group of individuals and want to know whether or not there is a relationship between two or more variables. Perhaps the best-known test of association involves testing the significance of a correlation coefficient. Assume that you have conducted a simple correlational study in which you asked 100 agents to complete the 20-item goal-difficulty questionnaire. Remember that with this questionnaire, participants could receive a score ranging from a low of 0 to a high of 100 (interval measurement).

12 A Step-by-Step Approach to Using SAS for Univariate and Multivariate Statistics Although it is acceptable to speak of predictor and criterion variables within the context of experimental research, it is more common to speak in terms of independent and dependent variables. The independent variable (IV) is that variable whose values (or levels) are selected by the experimenter to determine what effect the independent variable has on the dependent variable. The independent variable is the experimental counterpart to a predictor variable.

Height and weight), they are also common in the type of research discussed in this text. For example, the study discussed previously included the variables for age and amount of insurance sold (in dollars). Both of these have true zero points and are measured as ratio scales. Basic Approaches to Research Nonexperimental Research Much research can be categorized as being either experimental or nonexperimental in nature. In nonexperimental research (also called nonmanipulative or correlational research), the investigator simply studies the association between two or more naturally occurring variables.

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