By Metin Basoglu
Mass trauma occasions, resembling usual mess ups, warfare and torture, have an effect on hundreds of thousands of individuals each year. at present, there is not any psychological wellbeing and fitness care version with the aptitude to deal with the mental wishes of survivors in a cheap method. This publication offers this kind of version, besides suggestions on its implementation, making it beneficial for either policy-makers and psychological well-being execs. construction on greater than 20 years of intensive examine with mass trauma survivors, the authors current a version of stressful tension to help realizing of mass trauma and the way its mental effect may be triumph over with control-focused behavioral remedy. this article deals a serious assessment of varied debatable matters within the box of mental trauma in mild of contemporary study findings. together with dependent manuals on earthquake trauma, protecting therapy supply and self-help, the publication can be of use to survivors themselves in addition to care companies.
Read or Download A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma PDF
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Additional resources for A Mental Healthcare Model for Mass Trauma Survivors: Control-Focused Behavioral Treatment of Earthquake, War and Torture Trauma
Fear of earthquakes: an evolutionary perspective Evidence reviewed so far suggests that exposure to earthquakes leads to high rates of fear and avoidance responses that are quite resistant to extinction in the long term. This might perhaps reﬂect an evolutionarily determined response geared towards self-preservation. It is long known that defensive responses such as heightened vigilance, ﬂight or ﬁght, and avoidance of threat have played a fundamental role in the survival of the species for millions of years (Marks, 1987).
I think I cannot change anything in my life. I feel I have no control over my life. I learned how to cope with aftershocks. I can control my fear during the aftershocks. I got used to the aftershocks. High EE = High earthquake exposure (severe structural damage to home, partial or total collapse, having been trapped under rubble); Low EE = Low earthquake exposure (no severe damage to home). 1 Item scale: 0 = not at all true, 2 = slightly, 4 = moderately, 6 = markedly, 8 = very true. 003. corroborated in a much larger sample of survivors.
G. its automaticity and its resistance to higher cognitive control) suggest that the acquisition of phobias involves a primitive basic emotional level of learning that humans share with many other mammalian species (Öhman and Mineka, 2001). (pp. 5) The preparedness theory might thus explain why people respond to earthquakes with such intense fear, rapidly acquire conditioned fears and avoidance in relation to a wide range of situations or activities, and why such fear is resistant to extinction in the long term.